This year the Cascade Mycological Society is an official sponser of the Oregon Truffle Festival. For more information about the festival visit http://oregontrufflefestival.com/index.html
Image Courtesy M.Johnson
December is grow your own month for the mushroom lover. If it’s not been such a good season for collecting, why not consider growing your own delicious edible mushrooms? Ryan Woolverton and Kyle Hammon will give a presentation that will demonstrate the best methods for home cultivation of mushrooms. The general information given tonight will be an excellent lead-in to the workshop on Dec 16 2006. No charge.
Hendricks Park Species List
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Image Courtesy M.Johnson
Grower’s Workshop on December 16 from 10am to 4pm.
Ryan Woolverton and Kyle Hammon will teach this exciting opportunity for everyone to produce their own mushrooms. The techniques taught at this workshop can be applied to small to large scales, so apartment-dwellers and those living on large acreages are encouraged to attend the workshop. At the end of the workshop, each participant will have made an oyster mushroom “log” that should produce about 3 pounds of mushrooms. We encourage participants to experiment by bringing three pounds of an organic material of their choice…. Cardboard, cotton, linen, or hemp rags, are all excellent possibilities for us to explore.
The cost for this event is $10. Please contact Kyle at 463-5447 for more information and to register for the workshop
Image Courtesy M.Johnson
The Eugene Natural History Society presents a free public lecture: “Truffles of Oregon” by Dr. Charles Lefevre, President of the North American Truffling Society
Friday, November 17, 7:30PM, Room 100, Willamette Hall, UO Campus
For more information, visit the ENHS website
The Cascade Mycological Society welcomes all to a presentation by Jim Wells of Oregon Wild Edibles. Jim will be speaking about the commercial, social, and economic issues of mushroom harvesting. Jim’s expertise includes the collection and marketing of truffles and other fungi. Date: Thursday, November 9. Time: 7:30-9:00 PM. Place: Room 115, building 16 (Science Building), Lane Community College Main Campus. CMS meetings are held the second Thursday of the month September-May.
Map and directions can be found on our website.
Our regular foray meeting place is the South Eugene High School located at 400 E. 19th Ave. You’ll find us in the parking lot on the east side of the school (Patterson and 19th). Depending on circumstances the group may gather in the NE or the SE side of the lot. This parking lot is occasionally a meeting place for more than one group of outdoor enthusiasts. If you’re unsure, just ask some of the folks milling about if they are associated with CMS.
Mushroom Walk at Mt. Pisgah Arboretum
Saturday, November 4, 2006, 12 – 2pm
It’s mushroom season! Take a walk through the Arboretum’s forested trails with experienced mycologists, Chris Melotti and Molly Widmer of the Cascade Mycological Society, and hunt for these fascinating fungi. Discuss identification, habitat, characteristics, natural history and the role of fungi within an ecosystem. Contact Mt. Pisgah Arboretum for additional details.
Saturday, November 11th, 2006 9am
Meet at the South Eugene High School Parking lot at 9:00am. Foray location and leader to be announced. Call Grace at 541.431.0060 for more details.
Introductory Mushroom Walk at Hendricks Park
Saturday, November 18th, 2006, 1-3pm
CMS members Peg Boulay and Bruce Newhouse will lead an introductory walk at Hendricks Park exploring fungi of the forest. See the Friends of Hendricks Park web site for more details: http://www.friendsofhendrickspa
Location: Hendricks Park/ F.M. Wilkins Picnic Shelter, 2200 Summit Ave
Contact: Hendricks Park office: 682-5324 or FoHP: 607-4066
Sunday, November 19th, 9am
Lets find some tantalizing edible fungi for our Thanksgiving tables! Meet at the South Eugene High School parking lot at 9:00am. Foray location and leader to be announced. Call Grace at 541.431.0060 for more details.
This information is provided for your general information and is liable to change without notice. The Cascade Mycological Society makes no guarantee as to the accuracy of this information. Please check with the appropriate offices for any changes. When eating mushrooms, it is vital that you are positive about identification. Poisonings occur when people eat incorrectly identified mushrooms. Using a good identification guide helps, but does not guarantee that you have a good ID. Be sure you know what you have before eating mushrooms!
No personal use permit is required; however picking is limited to one gallon per day per person (this includes all species, edible or not). Having more than one gallon of mushrooms in your possession without a commercial permit is regarded as theft, and you can be ticketed.
Other Districts (Salem, Medford, Coos Bay, Tillamook) do not necessarily have this restriction.
Siuslaw National Forest
(This is also called “incidental use.”) People visiting the Siuslaw National Forest may collect up to one gallon of mushrooms per person per day with no permit or fee required. Up to 6 of these mushrooms may be matsutake. However all matsutake mushrooms collected under incidental use must have at least ½ inch of the stem cut off immediately after picking. Selling or exchanging mushrooms gathered incidentally is a violation of Federal regulations (Title 36 CFR 261.6F), punishable by a fine of not more than $5,000 or imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or both.
Quantities under this permit are unlimited. Each person picking must have a permit and be at least 18 years of age. Permits may be purchased for one month of consecutive days (there is no limit to the number of permits per person per year). A one year permit is also available. Regular commercial permits do not include matsutake mushrooms. Only the following edible mushrooms are included: Chanterelles, Boletes, Oysters, Sulfur Shelf Fungus, Slippery Jack, Imperial Cats, Hedgehogs, Shaggy Manes, Lobsters, Cauliflowers, Pig’s Ears, and Coral Fungus.
Quantities under this permit are unlimited. Each person picking must have a permit and be at least 18 years of age. The permit will list other specific terms and conditions that apply to picking matsutake mushrooms. This is only sold as a six month permit, one permit per person per year. The exception is at the Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area, where 100 permits are offered once a year. Purchase the permit from the District office where you plan to harvest, either the Hebo, Florence, or Waldport Office or the Supervisor’s Office in Corvallis. Permits start at the 100 pound minimum and cost $27.50. They are good for one week. There are six areas on the Eugene district to pick in. For the Eugene District BLM, commercial permits can only be purchased at the Eugene District office on Wednesdays 8 to noon and 1 to 4 p.m. Other Districts (Salem, Medford, Coos Bay, Tillamook) do not necessarily have this restriction.
Personal use permits are available at the Willamette National Forest office in Springfield. They are also available at the McKenzie River Ranger District office. A personal use mushroom permit issued from any of the following five forests is valid on all five forests. Deschutes, Willamette, Umpqua, Fremont, Winema. Personal use permits are free. Collections are limited to 2 gallons per day, 10 days per year (days may be non consecutive). Permits may be renewed. There are restrictions that vary by District, such as requirements to cut specimens in half. Be alert to frequent changes to the permit details, especially regarding Matsutake mushrooms. Make sure to check any regulations on the permit itself, such as whether it needs to be in your possession, and if there is a map attached.
For commercial use, a fee is charged. For more information about how to get a permit, fees, or regulations covering collection, please contact the Forest Service office nearest your intended activity.
U S National Forests
Info on permits: www.fs.fed.us.
Info on policy: www.fs.fed/us/r6/willamette
Deschutes and Ochoco National Forests
(541) 383-5300 or (541) 416-6500
All personal collection of mushrooms requires a personal use permit which can be obtained at all Forest Service offices for the Deschutes and Ochoco National Forests. These permits have some differences in conditions, restrictions, and requirements. The Ochoco National Forest has a mushroom permit that is valid only on the Ochoco. Deschutes is part of the five forest permitting system noted under the Willamette, and personal use on the Deschutes is currently covered by the permit you get at the Willamette.
All commercial collection of mushrooms requires a commercial use permit which can only be obtained at District Forest Service offices for the Deschutes and Ochoco National Forests. There are two types of commercial permits: Permits for Matsutake mushroom; and, Permits for all mushroom species other than Matsutake.
For information contact the Oregon dept. of Forestry at 503-945-7200 or 503-945-7420.
It goes without saying that one should get permission to pick on private lands. Neighbors or public land agencies may be able to help you find out who owns the private land you are interested in.
By Molly Widmer
How does the Cascade Mycological Society (CMS) fit in with the fall Mushroom Festival at Mt. Pisgah Arboretum (MPA)? Well, CMS is a 501c3 educational non-profit organization incorporated in 1999 “to study fungi; to educate members and the public about fungal identification and ecology; to promote conserva-tion of fungi; to promote safety in the gathering and consumption of edible fungi; and to HAVE FUN! CMS’s annual participation in the fall Mushroom Festival at Mt. Pisgah Arboretum satisfies all of these goals!
The group’s history is intricately tied in with that of the Mt. Pisgah Arboretum as well as Lane Community College (LCC). The three community organizations have connecting threads just like the mycelial strands that tie together mushrooms and their habitats. Freeman Rowe and Marcia Peeters were early originators and the incredible energy behind Mt. Pisgah Arboretum’s annual fall fundraising event, the MPA Mushroom Festival. They still grace the Mushroom Festival with their huge talent and dedication, providing critical organizational and identification skills that keep the mushroom display one of the best around. You are invited to bring your mystery fungi to the Identification Table at the show; and whether or not you bring specimens, don’t forget to pop in and say hi to these fine fungal celebrities!
But what is the Lane Community College connection? Freeman Rowe taught botany at LCC for many years, and also originated the incredibly popular Biology of Mushrooms class, which he taught until his retirement in 1996. The class remains popular, and today is taught by Marcia Peeters, one of Eugene’s best field mycologists, one of Freeman’s most talented students, and for many years the fearless bus driver for the LCC mushroom class weekend fieldtrips.
Cascade Mycological Society grew like a beautiful wild mushroom from the fertile mycelium of the LCC class and the MPA Mushroom Festival. CMS was originally developed and incorporated primarily by enthusiastic students of Freeman Rowe’s at LCC, and today many CMS members are past or present students of the Biology of Mushrooms class – more than a few of them repeat enrollees!
The MPA Mushroom Festival is today still supported by LCC, especially participants of the Biology of Mushrooms class. Together with members of CMS and many volunteers from the community at large, students have historically provided critical volunteer labor for collecting and setting up one of the largest fungal displays on the west coast, with named species numbering in the several hundreds each year. Volunteers for the show contribute hundreds of hours each year, to collect, identify, and display these ephemeral marvels of nature, beauty, and intrigue.
CMS is pleased to help MPA organize this important fundraiser. And we welcome new members as we begin a new fungal season of forays, talks, and special events. The public is invited to all CMS events and membership is not required.
This year’s MPA Mushroom Festival poster depicts a familiar edible fungus in our area, the Shaggy Mane (Latin name Coprinus comatus). The fall season brings many ecological changes to our corner of the world, and this mushroom is one of the developments you may notice in town or in on edges of woods in grassy areas, disturbed ground, roadsides, and trails. It is edible and many consider it very tasty, especially dredged in beaten egg and crushed saltines, then fried until golden, but of course only after POSITIVE identification.
When the proper environmental triggers occur (rain, cool temperatures, etc.) an underground mycelium (the threadlike network of tissue which makes up the bulk of the fungal organism) will produce a “fruiting body” or mushroom. This process can be rather rapid – days or even hours – and the mushroom can exhibit amazing growth and upward pressure, pushing up through soil, or in the case of Shaggy Manes, sometimes even asphalt!
Another amazing trait of Shaggy Manes is their unusual method of spore dispersal. Often referred to as “Inky Caps,” these mushrooms are unlike many common edible mushrooms which produce dry spores, often carried to new areas by air currents. (That more common dispersal process creates the “spore print” often captured on paper to observe its color and aid mushroom identification.) Inky Caps, however, rely on a unique process whereby the spore-bearing gills dissolve, or “deliquesce” into an inky black liquid, rich with spores. It is this liquid which, given the appropriate habitat, begins the cycle of life again. This trait may be good for new crops of mushrooms, but it is less attractive to the would-be gourmet or gourmand! If you are lucky enough to have properly identified Shaggy Manes for the table, be sure to keep them refrigerated and use them immediately, or you too will know why they are called Inky Caps!
Note: Deliquescing is a chemical reaction which can be arrested by placing the mushroom in an oxygen-free environment. We display the Coprinus comatus at the MPA mushroom show in a water-filled jar, a trick learned from the Lincoln County Mycological Society.
Current and back issues of the CMS newsletter can be found here.
This year’s Mushroom Show is held on Sunday, October 29th, 10am-4pm. The show features a detailed mushroom display, informative booths, hayrides, a scarecrow contest, guided walks, great food and much, much more. Come join the fun!
Visit the Mt. Pisgah Arboretum website for additional details.
Mushroom Show 2006 Wrapup
(First show was in 1981, so this was the 26th year.)
Congratulations, everyone, for a wonderful mushroom show on Sunday!
Word has it that MPA was very pleased with the whole event. In spite of fickle weather and a pretty low number of species on display, the show itself looked beautiful, and seemed to run smoothly — thanks to a few key folks!
In particular, I’d like to thank:
Chris and Dean for being there all day Sat and Sun as usual, and helping with everything! Ron, for stellar efforts keying & IDing BOTH days, AND having an awful cold! The collectors (field trippers, LCC students, all the usual suspects) for finding fungi in spite of it being not too easy! Cheshire, Daphne and crew for the lichen display! (The dyes were a very nice addition.)
The behind the scenes keyers (Molly, Meredith, Marcia, and whoever else I don’t know about)! The Sunday ID crew (Freeman, Ron, Joe, Dan, etc.)! Bitty for the beautiful rust posters, triage, ID, and other help! Mark for working so hard on the new labels! Matthew and Michele for helping out and filling in all over the place, but especially at the LCC table and hanging posters! Peg for the upgraded Edible/Poisonous and Fungal Facts tables! Beth for the mushroom dying display! Tom L. and his crew and Pete B. for making sure we always are well equipped and well taken care of! (This was Tom’s 49th Mushroom/Wildflower show. Next Wildflower show in May will be his 50th!)
And of course, FREEMAN ROWE for starting this whole thing 25 years ago! Freeman, you will always be the Best of Show!
Our preliminary total of species is 226, with 7 of those being new to the show. (The last time we had so few species recorded was 12 years ago, but I didn’t really notice the lower number, to tell you the truth.) Everyone did a great job with the display, and it looked great!
The new labels were a bit of a challenge, but Mark work hard to keep it all moving. Overall, I think the new system will work splendidly well when we get used to it.
And especially, thanks to you all who I forgot to mention.
And if you have any comments about layout and/or how the show runs, please send them in.